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Air Rifle 101: Everything You Need to Know

For some of us, the air rifle was the introduction into the sport of shooting. From there, it can get more complicated once you start to consider your options when shooting larger caliber firearms. But the air rifle is a good place to start and this guide will tell you everything you need to know.

What is an air rifle?

Simply, it is a rifle that uses pressurized air or other gases to propel projectiles pneumatically instead of a chemical reaction propulsion like firearms. When you use an air rifle, the common projectiles are pellets and BBs. Both are metallic and used for hunting, pest control, target practice, and competition shooting.

There are three main groups of how air rifles shoot that include spring-piston, pneumatic, and CO2. CO2 air rifles are the only ones to use disposable cartridges. The drawback is the pressure is regulated to what the cartridge can hold and not what the rifle can handle. The most common caliber is the .177 but can reach up to .50 for large game hunting. What you plan on using the air rifle for plays a factor for which caliber you need.

What makes them popular?
What makes air rifles popular is their ease of use and cost. Whether young or old, people can learn gun safety and practices using smaller caliber air rifles safely and inexpensively. Most major retailers carry air rifles and specialty online stores have more options. By design, air rifles are lighter and easier for transportation. In hunting situations, the quiet nature of the rifle makes it less likely to spook other animals after making your first shot.

As low as $25 and upwards to $700 is the price range for an air rifle. Inexpensive to start and plenty of room to grow within the sport. CO2 cartridges also play a role in the overall cost of owning an air rifle. Compared to firearm ammunition, air rifles cost a lot less to shoot. Also, it’s much easier to carry fifty pellets than fifty rounds of any common rifle ammunition. When you consider those two ammunitions priced one to the other, pellets will always be a fraction of the cost.

Dangers of air rifles
“You’ll shoot your eye out kid.” The quote made famous from the movie A Christmas Story holds true. Air guns may not have the stopping power of a traditional hunting rifle, but that doesn’t mean they can’t cause serious bodily damage. Something to keep in mind considering the danger of an air rifle is they are capable of shooting a .177 caliber alloy pellet at 1,200 fps. Their lightweight frame and small calibers gives off the appearance of a toy. They are far from it. As with any rifle, they must be treated with respect and care.

Why should you own one?
If competitive shooting is what you’re after, then an air rifle is a cost-effective method. Hunting small game or pest control can be done inexpensively. Teaching gun safety to children is easier with a rifle they can handle. Relatively inexpensive, reliable, and they are easy to find available in stores. Lightweight, less recoil, and easy to travel with. They make for a great addition to any gun collection.

A Complete Guide To Mount And Sight A Red Dot Sight On A Pistol


If you need a red dot sight on your pistol, then you already know the reason you need it there – better aiming as you shoot. We have already seen our counterparts using different types of laser sights. On the other hand, how they are mounted is different depending on the approach each one used.

If one of you is using the custom slide option, someone else had their slide machined a little to accommodate the sighting instrument. To clear out the confusion and know what you need to mount your red dot, here is a guideline that you can use to get your gun ready for the shooting expedition.

Part 1: Basic Pistol Mounting Considerations

  1. The Dot Technology

In pistols, you have three basic options to choose from:

  • Adjustable LED only: Uses LED light to sight
  • Tritium dot: This dot uses a radioactive isotope of hydrogen
  • Dual technology: It has both LED and Tritium

Tritium dots are suitable during the night time or in low light conditions. However, it is sometimes hard to use it in ambient light, and that’s why it’s recommendable to stick to LED only. The dual technology types will suit both conditions, but you have to spend more on batteries.

  1. MOA (Minute of Angle) Size

Red dots come with different MOAs. You could get one with 6 MOA, 3 MOA, 3.25 MOA, 1 MOA, etc.

  • You may get various recommendations depending on the shooting distance and the gun you are using.
  • In pistols, 3 MOA is enough since you will not be aiming longer distances. On the other hand, even in longer distances, it will still function as expected.

If you need to change to a red dot with a higher or lower MOA, it’s advisable to pick a brand that has different options. If you choose Vortex Company, for example, and pick the vortex viper or venom red dot sight, it will be easier to switch to the other since they all have the same mounting specifications.

  1. Mounting Considerations

Most of the people who don’t too much mounting work will go for the milled custom slide. If you choose to go for it, here is what you need to know:

  • First, it varies depending on who did the cutting on the slide.
  • Next, it might limit you to the dots you can use. If you need something that needs a different mounting method, it will be hard to use it.
  • It will also cost you more to have the slide machined for the custom slide. At a minimum, you need $100.

Nowadays, the pistols coming into the market have already been cut to fit an optic. Therefore, it is better to go for Glock mounting plates which you can change depending on the sighting optics you are using.

  • Remember, as you mount, you need to have the right plate.
  • For proper mounting and to make sure the optics sits tight on the pistol, carry with you the blue Loctite for the screws. The red one is okay too, but you will need extra heat to drive the screws out.

Part 2: How to Mount a Red Dot Sight on a Pistol

Since we already have pistols with cut out slides to fit in optics, we are going to explain how you can use the dented area to fix your optics.

  1. Place the lower mounting piece on the back part of the slide. If you have mounted a rear sight, remove it and leave the cut off area open.
  • From the Glock, the lower piece is screwed on the mounting plate. You will have to remove the screws first to access it.
  • Place the lower mounting piece on the space and clamp it in. You can also push it using a sight pusher if you prefer sliding it in but make sure it’s centered.
  1. Place the mounting plate on the slide. After the first step above, now place the mounting plate on the slide.
  • Make sure the rear screw holes are in line with the holes on the lower mounting piece you inserted in step 1.
  1. Use the screws to tighten the base. Once the plate is in line, get the mounting screws and drive them down.
  • Before you drive each of them, apply a little Loctite on them and then use the screwdriver.
  • Work on one screw at a time to make sure the Loctite works.
  • Do not drive to tighten until you have worked on them both.
  • Now tighten the screws. To check on how tight they are, you can use a torque wrench, but it’s optional.
  1. Place the sighting optics and tie loosely. Once the mounting plate is secure, place the sighting instrument on it and align the screw holes.
  • Use Loctite again for the top screws before driving them to the holes.
  • Tighten the screws loosely but make sure the dot sight is secure. You will tighten them later after sighting is over.

Part 3: How to Sight in a Red Dot Sight

Mounting can make or break your shooting accuracy. You need to make sure that you have mounted the red dot properly before sighting or zeroing your pistol. After successful mounting, the last part is sighting before making decent shots.

  1. Determine the point of aim. In pistols, this is the first thing you have to do to figure out where your gun is pointing.
  • First, look through the sighting scope, over the barrel and make sure the dot is sitting at the top of the iron sight at the front.
  • If it’s on the iron sight, make the necessary windage and elevation adjustments using the knobs on the sighting instrument you are using.
  • Shoot groups at different distances to see where your gun is zeroing. Mostly, when trying for the first time, it is somewhere between 15 and 20 yards. As you shoot, make a minimum of a five shot group.
  1. Use the dials to adjust. Now, once you realize how off your pistol is, it’s time to use the adjustments to match the dot with the point of impact.
  • For windage, use the windage adjustment dial. Use the same procedure for the elevation adjustments.
  • Reshoot a group from your distance to verify if the gun has zeroed.
  • Do it twice or thrice to make sure it’s correct.
  1. Ready your gun. When the zeroing distance matches your expectations, you can now pack and go.
  • A reasonable sighting distance is about 25 yards. However, that depends on the preference.
  • If you need a different distance, move to the range you want, shoot then see the corrections you have to make.
  • The point of impact change between 5 and 20 yards is minimal, but that depends on the ammunition in use.
  • One thing you should always remember is that you need to focus on the target and not the red dot. Most people get confused about that.
  1. Watch for different impact points with various ammo. Different ammunition will give you different zero distances.
  • Make sure you sight based on the ammo in use.
  • It is essential to spend more time with your pistol before moving to the actual shooting. There is a learning curve to go through as you perfect shooting.


Now that you know how to mount a red dot sight on a pistol, it’s time to practice and know your pistol better using the sighting instrument. You can now do it without the help of friends and share some tips too if they ask how you did it.

Author Bio

This is Steve Coffman. Editor of I’m the person who served in military. Currently working as a shooter, hunter and outdoor expert. I enjoy to share my experience and knowledge who loves to spend life like me.

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Shooting An Ejected 22LR Casing Out Of Mid Air!

22Plinkster never ceases to amaze me with his accuracy.

5 Golden Rules Of Hunting

Hunting is a game as old as time. Humans have been hunters for almost as long as they existed and many animals are as well. It’s in our nature. We have hunted animals of all sorts for ages before we could ever grow them for the purpose of eating them.

Many thought that because things are changing so quickly, the hunting will stop too. But it didn’t.

Over the years, there have been many new laws and regulations that hunters have to respect. Individually, some etiquette and ethics rules changed as well. Hunting is a sport and this is quite normal and usual, just like in any sport.

So, if you want to play it, here are some golden rules that you need to follow.

Treat the landowners with respect

Some landowners are more than happy to let anyone walk across their fields. However, some are not as chipper and welcoming. But, unless you really know the person, you can never know what they will say about you walking across their property on that particular day.

This is why it’s always good to ask first. If you are allowed in, then great but if not, just remain polite and find a different field.

If the owner lets you in, make sure that you leave everything as is since you don’t want to be rejected the next time or have the landlord hate hunters because you left litter and dead animals on their property.

You might even want to offer money or part of the game you get that day as a reward.

Have some basic hunting skills

In order to hunt properly, you need to have some basic hunting skills. The most important one is first aid. Hunts are full of guns, knives and unsafe places. Some of your companions or you could get hurt and then they would really need your help or you could need help. “It’s always a good idea to bring a first aid kit and learn how to use it properly in order to stop the bleeding or something similar,” says Felix Blossom, a nature blog editor at Essayroo and Boomessays.

Next, you need to learn proper navigation and use of compass and maps. This is something that you’ll definitely need in your hunting life because it’s easy to get lost – even in the seemingly familiar terrains.

Give the animal a fair chance

This is another great hunting rule. Give your prey a fair chance to escape. If you are good enough, you will get it. If not, don’t employ cheap tricks in order to get it. A good game is all about respect – for yourself, landlords, team mates and animals you hunt. Try to kill them as ethically as possible. If you just wound them, follow the animal until you find it.

Respect the law

Laws, rules and regulations are there for a good reason. You have no right to break them. Behave and respect the law. “Also, make sure that you respect animal preservation so that the future generations can hunt and enjoy the game as well,” says Tyson Wills, a hunting writer at Dissertation Service and BigAssignments.

Know how to handle a gun

If you don’t know how to handle a gun, don’t hunt. It’s a simple rule, yet the one that can save many lives. Practice beforehand, not on animals or people by accident.

Hunters have been developing their own ethics for ages. People always find a way to make a game as human and as decent as possible. So, now hunters have to ask before they step onto someone’s property, they have to respect other hunters and animals that they hunt. This isn’t always easy when the mood strikes and the energy levels are high. However, you have to remind yourself to be respectful and to treat everyone involved in the game with respect that you would like to receive. Always be kind to young hunters and share your tips and tricks – they are of no use if they are not given to someone young and new. Hopefully, you’ll respect these rules and have a great hunt.

Chloe Bennet works as a lifestyle writer at Psychology Writing and Essay Writing Help services. She loves helping companies create marketing strategies, finding new talents, and contributing articles to online educational websites like Paper Fellows.

Top 5 Shooting Drills That Could Boost Your Weapon Proficiency

In most cases, it’s near impossible for the average shooters to completely master the handling of their firearms overnight. To become proficient with particular guns, you have to go through a series of practices day after day to grasp the fundamentals and build reflexes. Fortunately, there are a lot of shooting exercises nowadays tailored for various purposes so all you have to do is to follow the right ones. But what if you have no idea what suit you? Well, don’t worry as this article shall show you some drills that should improve your ability to handle weapons for most of the time.      

• A Quick Note: Depending on the situation, it’s possible for you to alter certain aspects of the drills down below to fit available facilities.  

1 To 5

Multiple people fixate on double taps (shoot twice and move on) which might lead to fatal consequences if the targets just refuse to go down. Hence, Kyle Lamb from Viking Tactics introduces the 1 to 5 drill to help shooters around the globe neutralize adversary for good. The idea here is quite simple: shoot until the opponents no longer pose a threat. That would ensure you don’t have to come back in order to re-engage the foes in critical times.     

To properly conduct the drill, you are going to need 3 man-sized targets (IPSC, IDPA,…). Place the targets 5 yards away from you and space equally them apart from each other. On the first target, fire 1 round, transit, place 2 rounds on the second target, transit and on the third target, discharge 3 times. Keeps the momentum going and go back to the second target and fire 4 rounds. For the finish, put 5 rounds square on the first target. The drill involves 15 shots and you should attempt to complete it in less than 5 seconds.    

El Presidente

Designed by Jeff Cooper, a handgun expert, El Presidente is a drill that challenges pistol shooters to draw, engage, transit, reload and re-engage in a short period of time. It teaches people all combat shooting skills out there: draw from concealment, shot placement, reloading,… From the first glance, the drill seems pretty straightforward but it’s also easy for you to send a shot out of the vital zones. That is why you have to do your best to conquer the stress if you wish to get good results.    

For the preparation, set up 3 man-sized targets 1 yard apart and 10 yards away from you. Additionally, you need 2 magazines that contain 6 rounds each as well as a holster for handguns. At first, stand with your back to the targets, hands in the air and your pistol placed in the holster. On the go signal, turn, draw your gun and quickly put 2 rounds on each target. After expending the magazine, reload and proceed to re-engage the targets one more time. The perfect score for the drill is 12 rounds across the targets all in kill zones within the time limit (10 seconds).    

Shoot Two – Load Two

Though shotguns excel at close quarter combat, they have an inherent weakness: low ammo capacity. That is why being a fast reloader is one of the primary criteria to become a true master of shotguns. Made to refine the reloading technique of shotgun shooters, the shoot two – load two drill allow you to learn how to reload your shotgun in the middle of an engagement. Once you get the hang of everything, you would be able to keep your shotgun well fed with shells on the field no matter what.

In order to get the most out of the drill, it’s strongly recommended that you fit a sidesaddle to your shotgun for more ammunition. Regarding targets for the drill, paper works adequately but clay could perform just as well. Arrange the targets 10 yards away from you, fill the sidesaddle with shells and start shooting. As the name suggests, the shoot two – load two drill requires you to shoot 2 times, reload 2 shells and repeat that until you exhaust your ammunition. Observe the time using a clock to measure your progress.  


Invented to make sure that target is down once the fight starts, the Mozambique drill trains you on shot placement. The drill remains the same regardless of what weapon you use so it permits you to boost your proficiency with multiple weapons (handguns, rifles, shotguns,…). Considering its robust characteristics, both beginners and veteran have something to gain from the drill.   

In the beginning, position a silhouette target that features well-defined chest and head region. In the case you use handguns, place the target between 5 and 10 yards away from you. For shotguns and rifles, the distance should be around 15 – 20 yards. At the go buzzer, you must immediately put 2 rounds on the chest and 1 round on the head of the target. The usual time limit is 2.5 seconds and experienced shooters could do in less than 2 seconds.  


Stand for Fundamentals, Accuracy, and Speed Test, the F.A.S.T drill is the ultimate challenge for shooters that want to test their capabilities. As you progress, you would be able to optimize drawing techniques, shot placement and chest-to-head transition under pressure. The drill is considerably more demanding than ones mentioned above but if you want to prove you are a competent shooter, give it a go.
In term of preparation, gather a target, a 3×5 card and an 8-inch paper plate. In addition to that, you are going to need 2 magazines for the drill, one with 2 rounds and one with 4 rounds. The ideal distance between you and the target is 7 yards. Place the card and the plate on the head and the torso of the target respectively to set things up. At the start signal, draw, fire 2 rounds to the card, reload and on the plate, shoot 4 times and see the results. You get a passing mark if you manage to finish the drill within 10 seconds with all rounds on point.


Everything takes times so there is no need to rush here, go through the drills at your pace and you should eventually master your firearms. Keep in mind that there are also various accessories that could increase your performance on the field: variable magnification scopes, muzzle breaks, caliber specific optics, slings, flash hinders,… It would be wise to take such items into account while practicing.   

Author Bio: I’m Jessica – Owner of Shooting Mystery blog. I’m an outdoor nerd loving writing about hunting, shooting, survival with my favorite items: gun, scope, knife …. Follow me to better understand & broaden your knowledge about this awesome area.

If Gun Reviewers Reviewed Cars

Desert Tech MDR is Ready for Anything

The world’s most versatile rifle has arrived. Desert Tech caught the world’s attention with proof-of-concept models of the MDR in 2014 and from then on Desert Tech’s engineers have been hard at work to ensure performance delivered matched performance promised.

Truly ambidextrous controls, an ability to change calibers, and full battle-rifle power in a compact, low-profile package make MDR the future of battle rifles. Previously, end-users had to choose between a full-power, but cumbersome rifle, or losing terminal ballistics in exchange for more compact and maneuverable platforms. The MDR combines the strengths of both platforms in one rifle that handles the same, regardless of caliber.

At only 26.2″ in total length the MDR provides all the muzzle energy of a full-length barrel in a more compact package. The bullpup design also shifts the balance of weight closer to the shooter to produce a rifle that is quick-pointing and easy to maneuver. With the American shooter in mind, controls remain in familiar locations, greatly shortening the learning curve normally associated with bullpup rifles.

Since the original release of the MDR in 2017, Desert Tech has received feedback from the market and implemented several free upgrades for all MDR owners. In 2019 the MDR’s gas piston system and extractor were refined to ensure maximum reliability across a wide variety of ammunition. These upgrades include the 2019 6-position adjustable gas valve and a wider extractor claw that make the platform even more reliable and user friendly. All upgrades are included with every new MDR that ship from the factory. Desert Tech has already updated dealer inventory making all currently-available MDRs up-to-date. The .308 WIN MDR also readily accepts and functions with all commonly available standard AR-10 / SR-25 magazines.

Caliber options currently include .223 Wylde and .308 WIN with .300BLK on the horizon. All rifles ship with a 16″ barrel and the same 26.2″ overall length and recoil-absorbing 8.3lbs weight.

All Desert Tech-made products are covered by a Lifetime Warranty against manufacturer defects from first owner to last.

About Desert Tech:
Located in West Valley City, Utah, Desert Tech employs an amazing team of dedicated workers with strong values and ethics. We have a strong belief in the second amendment and strive to provide the best firearms, ammunition and training possible for military, law enforcement, and private gun owners. We are very passionate about the products we make and are extremely committed to being at the forefront in developing tomorrow’s weapons technologies.